In working and repairing a piece of equipment, many factors cause various hazards such as being inadvertent in touching sharp equipment or containing electric current. Equipment and machinery have their own structure and shape which in some certain angles have different sharp-blunt levels. Not to mention the complicated construction machines with sharp serrations such as welds, grinding (cutting machines), lathes, and others. When using equipment or machinery, whether at home, workshops or even in the industrial world that you are familiar with, at that time, the use of safety and security tools should be taken seriously, especially workers who use daily equipment and machinery. Occupational Health and Safety should not only be a logo on a workshop or industry. However, it also as a guideline when trying to use equipment or machines. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is equipment that should be used as part of self-protection and work safety, and it’s for everyone who comes into direct contact with the world of workshops, especially construction industry workers. Standard PPE equipment includes gloves (hand gloves like neoprene gloves), safety shoes (safety shoes/boots), security / protective helmets (safety helmet), dust masks (respiratory protection), safety glasses and ear protectors/hearing ( disposable earplug).
The PPE which will be described in this article are gloves (safety hand gloves). It’s a tool that is needed for both hands to protect them from sharp objects and prevention so that injury does not occur when doing work. In addition, most chemicals are toxic and dangerous when it comes to human skin. It feels hot, itchy, or even causes blisters. For example, the chemicals H2SO4 (sulfuric acid) which can make the hands/skin feel hot and even blister. Another example, people/workers whose hands are still wet/sweaty then use electric welding, it is not impossible to get stung. The voltage of the transformer reaches 55 – 85 volts. While electric welding may sting when it is used when the hands are wet, while the flow can reach 220 Volts. In fact, humans alone are only able to receive an electric shock of about 42 volts. On the other hand, contact between human hands with heat or electricity often occurs.
The use of gloves must be adjusted to the work to be done. Whether the work is in direct contact with objects that are hot, cold, sharp or corrosive, is considered before using gloves.
Leather gloves are gloves that protect from objects with rough surfaces. These leather gloves are generally from cow leather. Although there are some made from the skin of pigs, goats, deer, and sheep.
Disposable latex gloves are gloves that protect from bacteria or germs, usually used in laboratories, which are related to health and research. These gloves are made from latex material that comes from rubber trees (natural polymers).
Disposable Heat Gloves, gloves that protect from heat and fire.
Padded cloth gloves are gloves that protect from sharp, bumpy or dirty objects.
Metal mesh gloves are gloves that protect from sharp objects and prevent the hands from being injured/cut off by it.
Nitrile, Vinyl, and Neoprene gloves are gloves that protect from chemical objects, especially those that are toxic and dangerous. Nitrile and neoprene gloves are made from synthetic polymers such as nitrile material.
In addition, the use of gloves must be light and comfortable when worn. For example, if the glove is too large in size with our hands, it is not impossible to interfere with work, such as often loose or loose. Gloves must also be used both (a pair) and you should choose the length that can cover the wrist.