In working and repairing a piece of equipment, many factors cause various hazards such as being inadvertent in touching sharp equipment or containing electric current.…
In working and repairing a piece of equipment, many factors cause various hazards such as being inadvertent in touching sharp equipment or containing electric current. Equipment and machinery have their own structure and shape which in some certain angles have different sharp-blunt levels. Not to mention the complicated construction machines with sharp serrations such as welds, grinding (cutting machines), lathes, and others. When using equipment or machinery, whether at home, workshops or even in the industrial world that you are familiar with, at that time, the use of safety and security tools should be taken seriously, especially workers who use daily equipment and machinery. Occupational Health and Safety should not only be a logo on a workshop or industry. However, it also as a guideline when trying to use equipment or machines. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is equipment that should be used as part of self-protection and work safety, and it’s for everyone who comes into direct contact with the world of workshops, especially construction industry workers. Standard PPE equipment includes gloves (hand gloves like neoprene gloves), safety shoes (safety shoes/boots), security / protective helmets (safety helmet), dust masks (respiratory protection), safety glasses and ear protectors/hearing ( disposable earplug).
The PPE which will be described in this article are gloves (safety hand gloves). It’s a tool that is needed for both hands to protect them from sharp objects and prevention so that injury does not occur when doing work. In addition, most chemicals are toxic and dangerous when it comes to human skin. It feels hot, itchy, or even causes blisters. For example, the chemicals H2SO4 (sulfuric acid) which can make the hands/skin feel hot and even blister. Another example, people/workers whose hands are still wet/sweaty then use electric welding, it is not impossible to get stung. The voltage of the transformer reaches 55 – 85 volts. While electric welding may sting when it is used when the hands are wet, while the flow can reach 220 Volts. In fact, humans alone are only able to receive an electric shock of about 42 volts. On the other hand, contact between human hands with heat or electricity often occurs.
The use of gloves must be adjusted to the work to be done. Whether the work is in direct contact with objects that are hot, cold, sharp or corrosive, is considered before using gloves.
Leather gloves are gloves that protect from objects with rough surfaces. These leather gloves are generally from cow leather. Although there are some made from the skin of pigs, goats, deer, and sheep.
Disposable latex gloves are gloves that protect from bacteria or germs, usually used in laboratories, which are related to health and research. These gloves are made from latex material that comes from rubber trees (natural polymers).
Disposable Heat Gloves, gloves that protect from heat and fire.
Padded cloth gloves are gloves that protect from sharp, bumpy or dirty objects.
Metal mesh gloves are gloves that protect from sharp objects and prevent the hands from being injured/cut off by it.
Nitrile, Vinyl, and Neoprene gloves are gloves that protect from chemical objects, especially those that are toxic and dangerous. Nitrile and neoprene gloves are made from synthetic polymers such as nitrile material.
In addition, the use of gloves must be light and comfortable when worn. For example, if the glove is too large in size with our hands, it is not impossible to interfere with work, such as often loose or loose. Gloves must also be used both (a pair) and you should choose the length that can cover the wrist.
The hand gloves safety is a tool used to protect hands from potential hazards such as scratches of sharp objects, heat, and even chemicals. Hand gloves that are used to protect from heat are certainly different from those used to protect hands from chemicals. Additionally, if you need a pair of gloves for heavy-duty works, you may need the best neoprene gloves.
Here are some types of hand gloves based on their functions and constituent materials:
Impact Hand Gloves
Impact type Hand Gloves are equipped with shock absorber features. This means that when a heavy object falls and hits your hand, Impact Hand Gloves can protect your hands by absorbing impact energy so that your hands are not exposed to the full impact energy.
Abrasive Hand Gloves
This type of Hand Gloves is the one which is often used for works with machinery, especially Abrasives. With the nitrile formulation in the material, it makes the glove resistant to abrasion caused by friction. Abrasive Hand Gloves are also resistant to sharp objects, so it is very suitable for workers who use an abrasion machine.
Anti-Slip Hand Gloves
These Anti-Slip Hand Gloves are used on workpieces that are wet or oily. These Anti Slip hand Gloves are equipped with Grip technology so that oily and wet work objects can be gripped firmly without slipping. With microchannel technology, these gloves absorb liquid fluid that attaches to the workpiece so that the contact of the glove with the workpiece is not blocked by these liquids.
Heat Resistant Gloves
These hand gloves are usually made of leather and in the inside, there is a fine layer of fabric. These Heat Resistant Gloves are thicker and heavier than other hand gloves. Why is it made of rubber and thick? It’s because as the name implies, this hand glove functions as a heat insulator that protects our hands from heat or high temperatures. In the market, hand gloves are often referred to as welding gloves.
Chemical Resistant Gloves
As the name implies, chemical resistant gloves are usually used in the scope of laboratories and jobs that are directly related to materials or chemicals, such as wet analyzers and painting. Hand gloves are usually made of latex, nitrile, vinyl, and PVC. Chemical gloves made of latex, nitrile, and vinyl are gloves that we often see used in the medical field, but the actual use is not limited to that. These hand gloves can also be used in chemical laboratories as well.
Choosing the right gloves for handling chemicals certainly has its own tricks. One thing to note is the glove material used. Rubber is one of the raw materials for making popular gloves. Then, among the many rubber glove products for chemicals on the market, which ones should be chosen? Well, in this short post, I want to give a recommendation to you about the most appropriate rubber gloves for handling chemicals. Hopefully, this post can help you choose the right rubber gloves. Aside from that, if you need the best gloves for the manufacturing industry, you may need the neoprene gloves.
Materials of Rubber Gloves for Chemicals
There are several types of rubber materials commonly used to make rubber gloves for chemicals.
Some popular examples are nitrile, latex, and neoprene.
Do you need to wear rubber gloves? In order to answer this question, there are two things that we must confirm first. The first is chemicals that will be handled, and the second is the characteristic of resistance of the materials used for chemicals that must be handled.
For the first, you will know it yourself. As for the second, you need to know the thing that is called the chemical-resistant glove chart. What is the chemical-resistant glove chart? In simple terms, we can define data of the resistance of gloves to certain chemicals.
There are several criteria shown by the data on the chemical resistant glove chart, they are excellent (E), good (G), fair (F), poor (P) and not tested (NR). Choose the type of rubber gloves with excellent criteria. This means that it is very resistant to certain chemicals that you will use. We take one example of rubber gloves for nitrile-based chemicals. Intertwined nitrile gloves are very suitable for handling amyl acetate and amyl alcohol.
The way to read is easy. First, you first select the type of glove material. Second, determine the chemicals that you will handle. Then, pay attention to the red line on the chemical resistance gloves chart. That is the conclusion
Recommended Products of Rubber Gloves for Chemicals
Nitrile is a glove material for handling chemicals commonly used. Why do you have to choose nitrile? If you have the chart and you take a look at it, Nitrile is indeed resistant to many chemicals. No less than 50 kinds of chemicals can be handled using nitrile rubber gloves. Among these chemicals are 30% hydrogen peroxide, phosphoric acid, and hydrochloric acid. So you could say, by choosing chemical gloves made from nitrile you don’t need to have a diverse stock of rubber gloves.
Every worker must wear work gloves to protect their hands when working in certain places, or situations that have the potential to cause hand injuries. Work gloves or often also called protective gloves/safety gloves is one of the Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) to protect all parts of the hand to the fingers while doing certain jobs. This protective glove serves to protect hands from fire, hot and cold temperatures, radiation, electric current, impact and punches, and even from scratched by a sharp object. In addition, it also protects the hands from biological contact or chemicals and viral or bacterial infections. Apart from that, if you need a pair of gloves for heavy-duty works in manufacturing industries, you must buy the best neoprene gloves.
In addition to knowing the function and purpose of using work gloves, we must also understand the importance of choosing the right type and material of gloves and in accordance with the work done to reduce hand injury. The following are some of the main factors that need to be identified and considered when choosing work / protective gloves:
Understand the dangers and risks that will be faced when handling certain materials/objects/items.
Understand the material and type of gloves with a protective layer to protect against extreme temperatures, electric current, type of material: dry, wet, oily.
Choose the right glove that fits the size of your hand (not too big and not too small). Gloves that don’t fit will make the hands uncomfortable, cramped or, injured so that it hinders work and can even be dangerous.
Types and Materials of Work Gloves
Work gloves are made from a variety of materials including fabrics, leather, wool, latex, rubber, nitrile rubber, vinyl, neoprene, or metal. These materials are designed for many types of hazards in the workplace. In general, the materials for making work gloves are divided into four groups:
Leather, Canvas or Metal Nets
It serves to protect hands from rough surfaces, protection against injuries and burns, and protect extreme temperatures (hot/cold).
Cotton and the like
It serves to protect hands from objects or surfaces that are sharp and also dirty.
Special rubber material that is resistant to chemicals/liquids
Gloves made from rubber materials such as butyl, latex, vinyl, neoprene, and nitrile serve to protect hands from toxic and dangerous chemical or biological materials.
It serves to protect hands when dealing with low voltage or high voltage electric current, so the wearer can be safe even if his hands are sweaty during work.
The work environment contains many kinds of risks that can harm your hands, whether exposed to chemical spills, injuries or burns. In order to minimize risk, workers must use hand protectors like neoprene gloves when working in environments with potential hazards that result in a hand injury.
However, you need to understand, not all hand protectors can provide the right protection for any potential hazard so it is very important for workers to carry out risk assessments on each type of work and choose gloves that provide special protection. It’s not only limited to selection and use, but workers are also responsible for checking and treating gloves regularly and it must be scheduled.
Why are routine inspections and proper maintenance of gloves important?
This is very important to make sure that every glove you use is always clean, free of contamination, and remains maximal in resisting the effects of the danger.
The improper treatment causes the quality of the glove to decrease as well.
Therefore, OSHA states that personal protective equipment (PPE) must be properly maintained to ensure its condition is always safe and maximum in resisting the effects of the danger. Gloves included must be checked regularly before being used every day. Gloves must also be checked immediately after an incident that might cause damage to the glove has occurred. Maintenance for gloves that include storage and cleaning must be done properly.
Safety gloves Inspection and Care
Hand Protection Check Guide
Every worker is advised to carry out routine inspection or inspection of gloves every day before use. Always check your gloves to identify these problems:
Physical damage to the outside or in gloves.
Loss of flexibility.
The loss of elasticity or gloves feels loose and uncomfortable when used.
Safety Gloves Maintenance
There are a number of things you should pay attention to in cleaning or washing gloves, including:
Use a mild detergent, without bleach and softener to maintain the durability of the gloves.
Avoid washing gloves using a washing machine or by using dry clean techniques – washing techniques without water and using solvent chemicals instead of water to wash them. Washing techniques depend on the manufacturer’s recommended hand protection instructions.
Use warm water, cold water, or normal temperature water to wash gloves, and it’s depending on the type of glove material. Avoid drying gloves using a clothes dryer unless if it is recommended by the manufacturer.
Wash gloves separately with other PPE, so there won’t be any potential risk of damaging the gloves or other PPEs.